Category Archives: Ethics & Morality

Universal Natural History and Theory of the Heavens

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For supposing it to be a universal law that everyone when he thinks himself in a difficulty should be able to promise whatever he pleases, with the purpose of not keeping his promise, the promise itself would become impossible, as well as the end that one might have in view in it, since no one would consider that anything was promised to him, but would ridicule all such statements as vain pretences. 3. Hence, although I can conceive of a talentless world, I cannot rationally will that it come about, given that I already will, insofar as I am rational, that I develop all of my own.

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Ends and Principles in Kant's Moral Thought (Nijhoff

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Believing that leadership carries some sort of right to take risks with other people's well-being is nothing more than arrogant delusion. In the political section, inspired chiefly by al-Farabi, al-Tusi argues that orderly association is an essential precondition of the good life. Moral duty does arise where goods for others, which may or may not overlap goods for the self, are concerned. We are pleased to announce that Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine is the official publication of the Pellegrino Center for Clinical Bioethics at Georgetown University Medical Center.

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Great Traditions in Ethics

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The moral beliefs people profess and act upon have their origin and validity solely within the framework of their creators and advocates. Additional issues concern medical experimentation on humans, the morality of involuntary commitment, and the rights of the mentally disabled. For the rest I think I may be excused here from a detailed refutation of all these doctrines; that would only be superfluous labour, since it is so easy, and is probably so well seen even by those whose office requires them to decide for one of these theories (because their hearers would not tolerate suspension of judgment).

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Ethics and Electronic Information: A Festschrift for Stephen

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As explained in the various models of scientific research in the philosophy of science, virtue ethics provides the theoretical framework and the starting point for research and for the “structured puzzle problem”, while the scientific study of moral identity provides empirical adequacy, confirmation, and actuality to clarify and strengthen virtue ethics. I saw firsthand the kind of social paranoia that caused the Jews to hate Jesus and nail Him to a tree.

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The investment of influence: A study of social sympathy and

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Kant gives at least four versions of the categorical imperative, but one is especially direct: Treat people as an end, and never as a means to an end. If you have a Facebook account, you can use it to log in to PhilPapers. Do you see how religion is not a brilliant aid for decision-making. The first is that I have sufficient imagination to visualise myself in the position of the other man. For Bentham, pleasure and pain are the only consequences that matter in determining whether our conduct is moral.

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What If We Don't Die?: The Morality of Immortality (Springer

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Casuistry is a completely different form of applied ethics that is widely used in these cases and by these groups. It seems to me that you want to talk about institutions, as the social mechanisms that enable cooperation among strangers in society. It quantifies the utility, which it defines as “happiness” or “pleasure,” a given action will produce and weighs that number against the amount of utility produced by another action. It is therefore connected to Aristotle's other practical writings, on Politics, which also aim at people becoming good, though from the perspective of a law-giver, looking at the good of a whole community.

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The Rose-Tinted Menagerie

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Hence, ahimsa has to be observed through mind, speech and body. Thus, various individuals may disagree about a certain moral or ethic, even if they share many of the same morals and ethics. I might add here that the fundamentalist religions know about the malleability of a child's mind during the early ages, and about the importance of authority figures to shape that mind. It developed from dissatisfaction with the notions of duty and obligation and their central roles in understanding morality.

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Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion - Classic Illustrated

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Philosophers such as MacIntyre, Foot and Hursthouse have developed what the classical philosophers began, and have been very influential in the ‘comeback’ of Virtue Ethics. Two analogies to the question as business schools ask it: (1) as a parent should you should just talk with your children about sex at some one particular time in isolation or should you should talk to them as appropriate opportunities for instruction arise, as in watching a tv episode about dating or as when your child is about to go out on a date or seems to be falling in love.

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Stoic Paradoxes: A New Translation

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Leaders can sometimes be blinded by their own feelings of self-importance, and more dangerously can believe that the leader's job requires them to shoulder the burden of decisions which cause anguish and suffering, or worse. Having said that, Hegel does have a very Kantian like way of going about ethics. Our understanding of ethics is so innate, it is an elusive obvious, and therefore hard to articulate. The Pantheist Baruch Spinoza (1632-1677) considers the instinct to self-preservation as the foundation of virtue.

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Logic: Key Concepts in Philosophy

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The decision of which medicine to prescribe for a particular condition, for example, involves making not just a technical decision about efficacy, but also a value judgment concerning the relative acceptability of various side effects and various risks. But if this is so, how can it be determined when the principle of reciprocity is relevant and when it isn’t, and when it can be a useful moral guide? We try to be like people who are admired and we try to avoid being like people who are ridiculed.

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